The Day Of Pentecost!
Penta- = 5
Pentacle = A 5 pointed star.
Pentagon = A 5 sided structure. (US Dept. of Defense building has 5 sides)
Pentateuch = The first 5 books of the Old Testament.
Pentecost = 50 or fiftieth = Feast of Weeks
Webster’s 1828 Dictionary:
PEN’TECOST, n. [Gr. fiftieth.]
1. A solemn festival of the Jews, so called because celebrated on the fiftieth day after the sixteenth of Nisan, which was the second day of the passover. It was called the feast of weeks, because it was celebrated seven weeks after the passover. It was instituted to oblige the people to repair to the temple of the Lord, there to acknowledge his absolute dominion over the country, and offer him the first fruits of their harvest; also that they might call to mind and give thanks to God for the law which he had given them at Sinai on the fiftieth day from their departure from Egypt.
2. Whitsuntide, a solemn feast of the church, held in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles. Acts.2.
WHITSUNTIDE, n. [white, Sunday, and tide.] The feast or season of Pentecost; so called it is said, because, in the primitive church, those who had been newly baptized appeared at church between Easter and Pentecost in white garments.
Pentecost i.e., «fiftieth,» found only in the New Testament:
Acts 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
Acts 20:16 For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost.
I Corinthians 16:8 But I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost.
The festival so named is first spoken of in Exodus 23:16 as «the feast of harvest,»
Exodus 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labors, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labors out of the field.
and again in
Exodus 34:22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year’s end.
Numbers 28:26 as «the day of the firstfruits»
Numbers 28:26 Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the LORD, after your weeks be out, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work:
The manner in which it was to be kept is described in:
From the sixteenth of the month of Nisan (the second day of the Passover), seven complete weeks, i.e., forty-nine days, were to be reckoned, and this feast was held on the fiftieth day.
Leviticus 23:15-19 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering;
SEVEN SABBATHS shall be complete:
Even unto the morrow AFTER the SEVENTH SABBATH shall ye number fifty days;
and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals; they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD. And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savor unto the LORD. Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
Numbers 28:27-29 But ye shall offer the burnt offering for a sweet savor unto the LORD; two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of the first year; And their meat offering of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals unto one bullock, two tenth deals unto one ram, A several tenth deal unto one lamb, throughout the seven lambs;
Besides the sacrifices prescribed for the occasion, every one was to bring to the Lord his «tribute of a free-will offering.»
Deuteronomy 16:9-11 Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn. And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto the LORD thy God, according as the LORD thy God hath blessed thee: And thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which the LORD thy God hath chosen to place his name there.
The purpose of this feast was to commemorate the completion of the grain harvest. Its distinguishing feature was the offering of «two leavened loaves» made from the new corn of the completed harvest, which, with two lambs, were waved before the Lord as a thank offering.
The day of Pentecost is a Christian Church festival on the 7th Sunday after Resurrection Sunday commemorating the decent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles.